Article 4, On Rights of Nature

Nature has the right to be respected and protected in its existence, regeneration, maintenance and restoration of its functions and dynamic balances,...

Article 9

Restrictions on the exercise of certain rights or freedoms may be established by law to protect the environment and...

Article 12 A

The territorial sea and its bed; the beaches; the waters, glaciers, and wetlands; the geo-thermal fields; the air and atmosphere; the highlands,...

Article 12 B

In the case of inappropriable natural communal assets, the State shall preserve, conserve and, if applicable, restore them. It shall, as well,...

Article 12 C

Anyone may require abidance by the constitutional duties of custody of natural communal assets. The law shall determine the procedure and requisites...

Article 12 D

The State may, pursuant to law, grant administrative authorizations for the use of inappropriable natural communal assets, on a temporary basis,...

Article 23, On animals

Animals are subject to special protection. The State shall protect them, recognizing their sentience and the right to live a life free from abuse....