Article 17

Education shall be of universal access at all levels and mandatory from preparatory to high school.

The National Education System shall comprise pre-school, elementary, secondary and higher education establishments and institutions, created or certified by the State. It shall be based on the principle of collaboration and shall focus on pupils’ educational experience. The State shall coordinate, regulate, improve, monitor and oversee the System. The law shall establish the requirements for the official certification of educational institutions.

Institutions belonging to the National Education System shall be subject to a common regime established by law, shall be democratic in nature, shall not discriminate in their access, shall be governed by the purposes and principles of this law, and shall be prohibited from making any form of profit.

This system shall promote the diversity of artistic, ecological, cultural and philosophical knowledge coexisting in the country.

The State shall provide additional opportunities and support to individuals with disabilities and those at risk of exclusion.

The State shall coordinate, manage and finance a secular and free Public Education System, made up of state establishments and institutions, covering all educational levels and modalities. Public education constitutes the strategic core of the National Education System; its extension and strengthening is a primary duty of the State.

The State shall finance this system in a continuous, direct, pertinent and sufficient manner, through basal contributions, in order to fully and equitably comply with the purposes and principles of education.

It is the duty of the State to promote the right to ongoing education through multiple training opportunities, within and outside the National Education System, fostering varied instances of development and comprehensive learning for all individuals.