Article 5

On account of their self-determination, pre-existing native peoples and nations, and their members, are entitled to fully exercising their collective and individual rights. Especially, they are entitled to autonomy and self-government, and to their own culture, identity and world view, to their heritage and language, to the recognition of their lands, territories, protection of the maritime territory, of nature in its material and intangible dimension, and to the special ties they have with the latter, to cooperation and integration, to the acknowledgement of their own, or traditional, institutions, jurisdictions, and authorities, and to fully participate, should they so wish it, in the political, economic, social, and cultural life of the State.

It is the duty of the Plurinational State to respect, guarantee, and foster, along with the native peoples and nations, the exercise of the right to self-determination and to the collective and individual rights they have.

In order to abide by the above, the State must guarantee the effective participation of native peoples in the exercise and distribution of power, incorporating their representation in the structure of the State, its instrumentalities, and institutions, as well as their political representation in bodies of popular vote at a local, regional, and national level. It shall also guarantee an intercultural dialogue in the exercise of public roles, creating institutionality and fostering public policies that favour the acknowledgment and understanding of the ethnic and cultural diversity of pre-existing native peoples and nations on the part of the State.